Assessing the Effectiveness, Impact, and Sustainability of Local Initiatives to Improve Climate Change Resilience in Mozambique

Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development (NDIGD) is working with a German institution, Adelphi, and ND-GAIN to design, develop, and implement a study comparing communities that enact pre-disaster preparedness and post-disaster resilience to communities with no local committee present in Mozambique.

Mozambique is a large coastal country historically exposed to flood risks. In recent years climate change-induced flooding has created widespread social and economic problems. The high vulnerability and lack of adaptive capacity is a significant burden on the disadvantaged residents and a strain on social and economic development. Communities live with the constant threat to lives and livelihoods.

In 2002, the Mozambican government initiated a nationwide implementation of Disaster Risk Management Committees (CLGRC) after flooding in Southern Africa during 2000-2001 killed hundreds of Mozambicans and displaced thousands. Since 2003, more than 600 committees have been placed in the country.

This study also aims to identify factors impacting the effectiveness of local committees. More specifically, the research questions include:

  • Are communities with CLGRCs better prepared for flood risk and more likely to recover sooner after flood events than control communities without CLGRCs?
  • Do CLGRCs particularly improve the resilience of the most vulnerable populations, including female-headed households, children, elders, and orphans?
  • What are the factors—both internal and external—affecting the magnitude of CLGRC's impacts?

Results of the study will provide insight into the CLGRC function and its efforts to reduce local vulnerability to climate-related flood risk. The primary outcome is to identify measures of success so the government can improve upon the strategies of developing new communities and enhancing existing ones. Funded by UNDP Mozambique, the data collection work is planned for early 2017.

Lila Kumar Khatiwada, Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist with NDIGD is working with the research team to finalize research design, review the survey questionnaire, and prepare the data collection platform for data storage and analysis.

The creation of CLGRCs is an initiative of the National Disaster Risk Management Institute (INGC) in Mozambique; the outcome of this study will not only support INGC as a target institution for future planning and decision-making, but will also assist other governmental agencies and institutions, including United Nations Development Program (UNDP), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), GIZ, etc.