Research on Third Parties in Peace Processes
With funding from the National Science Foundation, Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies conducted research on the role of third parties in peace processes, especially in the post-conflict period. This project, in partnership with the Uppsala Conflict Data Program, led to the UCDP Managing Intrastate Conflict (MIC) dataset and the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) database and the tracking of third-party peacemaking events in all active intrastate conflicts between 1993 and 2004. In addition, third-party measures were coded for three years after the fighting terminated. The MIC dataset expanded on the Managing Intrastate Low-Level Conflict (MILC) dataset, which includes international conflict preventive measures for all minor intrastate conflicts for the period of 1993-2004. Using the MILC dataset, project researchers have shown, for example, that the characteristics of the third party seem to be more important for conflict prevention than the type of measure employed.