Water Resources Probability Risk Analysis

Country: Benin and Uganda Date Range: 2008-2011 Project Lead: Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences Notre Dame Collaborators: College of Engineering

From 2008 to 2011, the Notre Dame Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences faculty conducted ongoing probability risk analysis of water resource development strategies in Benin and Uganda. This collaborative project has focused on comparative assessment of water resource development based on case studies in Benin and Uganda, with emphasis on:

  1. Defined Probability Risk Assessment for Rural Water Development—development of a methodology whereby strategies can be compared based on failure probability of the resulting system to provide adequate quantity or quality of water;
  2. Field Case Studies—case studies involved multiple development strategies including: rooftop collection, surface-water, constructed surface impoundment, hand-dug wells, shallow boreholes and deep boreholes, with the option for source and point of use (POU) treatment;
  3. Technical/Sociological Interaction—development of exchanges with university faculty, government officials, NGOs and local populations provided knowledge/expertise required to develop the estimate probabilities associated with the case studies;
  4. Risk Compensation—with faculty in the Economics Department, consideration of the potential negative impacts of installing new groundwater wells for water supply in rural communities.